Glaziers cut and install glass and aluminum systems for commercial, residential and automotive applications.
In general, glaziers:
- read and interpret drawings and specifications to determine the materials required, location of framing and procedures for installation
- measure openings for size and shape, mark and cut glass panes to fit, secure the panes in place, weatherproof joints, and assemble and install aluminum window parts
- install, fit, fabricate and attach architectural metals or related substitute products in commercial and residential buildings
- assemble parts of pre-fabricated glass units such as revolving doors, display cases, plate glass, shower doors, store fronts, automatic doors, sky lights, sloped glazing, curtain walls, barrel vaults, solariums and other support structures
- install and maintain pre-fabricated glass, mirrors or glass products on walls, ceilings, fronts of buildings, handrails and walkways
- replace safety glass, windows, windshields, and glass in furniture and other products.
For more information regarding tasks and activities, please review the Trade Regulation.
Glaziers work in a variety of environments. Some work outdoors at construction sites, sometimes on scaffolds and swing-stages (platforms suspended from the top of high rise buildings and other elevated surfaces). Others work in factories installing glass in wooden or metal frames, or in shops replacing glass in vehicles or furniture. They generally work 40 hours a week, but may have to work overtime to meet construction deadlines.
All hazards are assessed and addressed to provide a safe working environment using appropriate training equipment.
The work is most rewarding for those who enjoy variety, developing special skills and seeing the results of their work.
To be successful in their trade, glaziers must have:
- the skills to read, write and communicate verbally
- some mathematical ability
- the physical strength and stamina required to work with heavy glass materials
- the ability to work at heights
- good eyesight to measure, cut and see flaws in glass
- manual dexterity
- the ability to work alone or with a team.
Computer skills are an asset.
Glaziers are employed by construction companies, architects, interior design firms and glazier shops. The steady demand for repair work somewhat offsets economic slowdowns in the construction industry, but conditions in the construction industry do affect employment prospects, and employment may be seasonal.
Journeyperson wage rates vary, but generally range from $28 to $38 an hour, plus benefits.
Experienced glaziers may advance to supervisory positions such as foreman or contract manager, or set up their own shops doing work for private homes and small businesses.
To work as a glazier in Alberta, a person must:
- be a registered apprentice, an Alberta-certified journeyperson, hold a valid recognized credential , OR
- work for an employer who is satisfied that the worker has the skills and knowledge expected of a certified journeyperson, OR
- be self-employed.
Individuals possessing a valid recognized credential in Alberta are eligible to receive a Blue Seal business credential after completing the necessary requirements.
The term of apprenticeship for a glazier is 4 years (four 12-month periods) including a minimum of 1620 hours of on-the-job training and 6 weeks of technical training each year.
- An applicant who previously completed courses of study or work experience related to the glazier trade or holds a related journeyperson certificate and has the employer's recommendation, may qualify for credit that could reduce the term of apprenticeship. Inquiries about credit for previously completed courses of study or work experience can be directed to an apprenticeship representative toll-free at 1-800-248-4823.
- A person who has previous training or work experience in the trade and wants to determine their level of skill and knowledge for entry or advanced standing in an apprenticeship program may complete the online Prior Learning Assessment Application. For more information, see the online Prior Learning Assessment Guide.
- A high school student can become an apprentice and gain credits toward apprenticeship training and a high school diploma at the same time under the Registered Apprenticeship Program (RAP).
To learn the skills required of a glazier in Alberta and be issued an Alberta Journeyman Certificate, a person must:
- satisfy the entrance requirements or pass the entrance exam (see Entrance Level Competencies, Exam Counselling Sheet, Entrance Exam Study Guide, and Entrance Exam Support Materials List)
- find a suitable employer who is willing to hire and train an apprentice
Most employers prefer to hire high school graduates and may select apprentices from among their current employees.
For holders of an existing trade certificate, it can serve as your entrance requirement equivalency when registering in an additional trade.
- complete the online Apprenticeship Application and Contract
- pay the non-refundable application fee as part of the application process
- complete the required on-the-job training
- during on-the-job training, apprentice glaziers earn at least 55 percent of the journeyperson wage rate in their place of employment in the first year, 60 percent in the second, 65 percent in the third, and 70 percent in the fourth year.
- complete all of the program requirements as identified in the course outline
- enroll in technical training
- select an educational institution that offers training for Glazier apprentices, and a time to attend training
- determine requirements for enrolling at the selected institution, and forward completed enrolment form to the selected institution
- review books and materials required for training
- successfully complete all required exams
Apprentices may attempt the Interprovincial Exam in the final period of their apprenticeship training and, if successful, be granted a Red Seal.
When apprentices attend technical training, they are required to pay the applicable tuition fee and purchase course supplies.
Student loans, grants, scholarships and other financial assistance may be available. For more information see Financial Assistance, visit an Apprenticeship and Industry Training office or call toll-free to 1-800-248-4823.
A glaziers who holds a valid trade certificate from Alberta or from another Canadian province or territory may apply to write the Interprovincial Exam and, if successful, be granted a Red Seal under the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program. The Red Seal is recognized throughout most of Canada.
For a Qualification Certificate based on a recognized credential or work experience in order to prepare for the exam(s) please refer to the Exam Counselling Sheets and review available resource materials.
Time spent on supervisory or foreman duties, counter work, heading the tool crib, or on training course is NOT counted as 'hands-on' work experience.
A person who holds a valid recognized credential does not require an Alberta equivalency document to work in the trade in Alberta.
However, some employers may require Alberta documentation as proof that the holder is allowed to work in the trade or that the holder's credential is recognized.
More information regarding the Equivalency Program can be found here.